Added: Maricarmen Macedo - Date: 27.05.2022 17:05 - Views: 19088 - Clicks: 5949
Although many parents are appropriately concerned about illicit drugs such as marijuanacocaineand LSDthey often ignore the dangers posed to their children from common household products that contain volatile solvents or aerosols. The practice of "sniffing glue" has been around for generations, but most parents do not even consider that their child would participate in something so obviously dangerous. Unfortunately, many children do.
Products such as nail polish remover, lighter fluid, spray paints, deodorant and hair sprays, canned whipped cream, and cleaning fluids are widely available and easy to obtain. Many young people inhale the vapors from these sources in search of quick intoxication without being aware of the serious health consequences that can result. Of course, children are not the only ones huffing inhalants. It's a cheap high for adults who cannot afford the cost of illicit street drugs.
Inhalants are substances, usually found in common household products, that produce chemical vapors that can be inhaled to get high. Inhaling these vapors gives the person a mind-altering effect. There are many substances that can be inhaled, but when we refer to inhalants, we are referring to a group of substances that are rarely taken by any other method than inhaling them. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, there are four general of inhalants which are found in common household, industrial or medical products.
Following are details about each category of inhalant:. Liquids that vaporize at room temperature are known as volatile solvents. They are found in the following products:. Aerosols are chemical sprays that contain either propellants or solvents or both.
They include:. Gases that can be abused as inhalants include medical anesthetics and gases found in common household or commercial products. Some of these include:. The above three of inhalants act on the central nervous system and give the user a psychoactive effecteither mind-altering or mood-altering or both.
Nitrites, on the other hand, affect the body differently. Nitrites work mainly by dilating blood vessels and relaxing muscles. They are abused primarily as sexual enhancers and are therefore considered in a different class of inhalants. Known as poppers or snappers, nitrite inhalants include:. Once prescribed for heart pain, nitrites are now prohibited by the Consumer Product Safety Commission.
They can still be found on the market, however, sold as products labeled: "video head cleaner," "room odorizer," "leather cleaner," or "liquid aroma. Because of their availability in common household products, inhalants are often the first drugs that young children use.
In fact, inhalants are used more by younger children than by older adolescents. Although children are the main abusers, inhalant abuse can become chronic and last into adulthood. But typically, National Institute on Drug Abuse research shows that inhalant abuse peaks around eighth grade.
Data from NIDA-funded surveys indicate the following patterns of inhalant abuse:. Other research shows patterns of gender differences in the use of inhalants. Boys are more likely to abuse inhalants in grades 4 through 6 and also grades 10 through 12, but boys and girls in grades 7 through 9 have similar rates of inhalant abuse.
Inhalant abuse is found in both urban and rural youth and socioeconomic conditions seem to be more ificant contributing factors to inhalant abuse than racial or cultural factors, the NIDA reports. Compared to most illicit drugs, inhalants are misused by a very small percentage of the population, but their use is ificant among young children. Inthere were an estimated 1. The National Institute on Drug Abuse's Monitoring the Future survey confirms that younger children 8th graders use inhalants more than older children 10th and 12th gradersbut overall inhalant use has declined ificantly since the s.
Monitoring the Future data also shows that Hispanic 8th- and 10th-graders have the highest rates of inhalant misuse, compared with White and Black 8th-graders. Within the 8th-grade age group, 8. Inhalants are breathed in through the nose or mouth and are rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream through the lungs causing an almost instant high.
Some of the ways that inhalants are used include:. Some of the methods used to sniff inhalants are deed specifically to try to cover up the activity. Sometimes users will place inhalants on the collars or sleeves of their shirts, or on other items of clothing so that they can inhale the fumes while in school or at work. The inhalants are placed in soda cans and inhaled from the can. Or they are sprayed into a balloon. Sometimes they are even sprayed inside a backpack.
Some school items such as correction fluid or felt-tip markers can be inhaled, making their use easy to disguise as normal use in school or at work. None of these methods are safe. Placing inhalants in containers like soda cans, plastic or paper bags can intensify the vapors.
Each year many children die from inhalant misuse or suffer severe health consequences including permanent brain damage, loss of muscle control, and destruction of the heart, blood, kidney, liver, and bone marrow. Regardless of which of the above methods are used, inhalants produce intoxicating effects within seconds of inhalation. Users can experience slurred speech, uncoordinated movements, euphoria, dizziness, lightheadedness, hallucinationsand delusions. One of the dangers of inhalant misuse lies in the fact that the high lasts for only a few minutes, prompting users to inhale over and over to try to maintain the feeling.
If repeated too often, inhaling can cause a loss of consciousness and possibly death. Inhalant users report feeling less inhibited and less in control. Heavy users will feel sleepy for several hours afterward and experience lingering headaches. Scientists believe that most inhalants affect many different systems of the brain to produce their anesthetic, intoxicating and reinforcing effects. Depending on the chemical being inhaled, the effects can vary widely—some act as stimulantswhile others act as depressants.
When some chemicals are inhaled, they can initially act like stimulants, but as the effects wear off, the user's senses can become depressed. Most inhalants produce a pleasurable effect by depressing the user's central nervous system. The "high" inhalant users achieve is short-lived, usually only lasting a few minutes. Sometimes this will cause the user to inhale repeatedly, which can cause them to become dizzy or dazed.
Some have trouble walking. Repeated users can become aggressive or begin to hallucinate or they can pass out or even die as a result. Research with animals indicates that many inhalants have similar neurobehavioral effects and mechanisms of action to other substances that depressed the central nervous system, including alcoholsedativesand anesthetics.
One animal study showed that toluene, an ingredient in many inhalants of misuse, activates the dopamine system in the brain in similar ways to nearly all other drugs of misuse. Inhalant use can produce a variety of effects on the user that begin within seconds after the substance is breathed into the lungs. Initially, the effects of solvent and gas inhalants can mimic alcohol intoxication and excitation which is soon followed by drowsiness, lightheadedness, disinhibition, and agitation. With the inhalation of increased amounts of these type inhalants, they can produce anesthesia and lead to unconsciousness.
Depending on the kind of solvent or gas, inhalants can produce additional effects, which can include:. High dosages of inhalants can result in confusion or delirium. Unlike solvents and gases, nitrites act by dilating blood vessels and relaxing the smooth muscle in the vessels. Depending on the chemical being inhaled, inhalants can produce many different long-term harmful effects. Regular inhalant abuse can result in harm to the body's vital organs. But some long-term effects of inhalant abuse are irreversible, including brain damage, central nervous system damage, hearing loss, limb spasms, and bone marrow damage.
After prolonged use of inhalants, abusers report a strong need to continue using them. Some users develop a tolerance and must increase the amount they use to achieve the same effects. With long-term abuse, users can develop a compulsive use of inhalants and can experience mild withdrawal syndrome. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, research shows that inhalant users initiate use of cigarettes, alcohol, and almost all other drugs at younger ages than those who did not use inhalants. Also, early inhalant users are more likely to develop substance use disorders, including abuse of prescription drugs, than other people with no history of inhalants use.
Because there are so many different substances that are abused as inhalants, users can risk a long list of serious medical consequences. The abuse of some inhalants can result in sudden death even after one inhaling session. An estimated deaths per year in the United States are inhalant related.
There are other ways that inhalant abuse can be fatal, including:. NIDA research shows that most substances used as inhalants are very toxic and chronic exposure to them can result in damage to the brain and nervous system. Prolonged inhalant abuse can damage regions of the brain that control cognition, movement, vision, and hearing.
Chronic users can experience cognitive abnormalities that range from mild impairment to severe dementia, according to the NIDA. The brain is not the only organ that can be damaged. Inhalants have been found highly toxic to the heart, lungs, liver, and kidneys. NIDA research indicates that inhalant abuse while pregnant can result in reduced birth weights, occasional skeletal abnormalities, and delayed neurobehavioral development among other effects. Case studies have shown that children of women who abused inhalants during pregnancy were developmentally impaired. Research has not, however, linked any inhalants to specific birth defects or developmental problems.
The dangers of abusing nitrites, known as "poppers," arise from exposure to the substance itself as well as from behaviors associated with the use of the drugs. Known side-effects of nonmedical use of nitrite inhalants include skin and tracheobronchial irritation; acute toxicity mediated by conditions known as hypokinetic anoxia and methemoglobinemia; and associated disorders of blood and blood-forming organs.
In most cases, nitrites are used by older adolescents and adults in an attempt to enhance sexual function and pleasure. Additionally, animal studies have shown that the use of nitrites depletes cells in the user's immune system and impairs the body's mechanisms for fighting infectious diseases. Therefore, researchers have concluded that nitrite abuse may be linked to the development and progression of infectious diseases and tumors. One animal study found that even a small of exposures to butyl nitrite in dramatic increases in tumor development and growth.
Actually, a higher percentage of girls than boys abuse inhalants, also known as huffing, according to the latest government statistics. In3. For more mental health resources, see our National Helpline Database. Learn the best ways to manage stress and negativity in your life. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Drug Facts: Inhalants. Updated February Research Report Series: Inhalants.
Updated July Inhalant abuse and dependence among adolescents in the United States. National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Understanding Adolescent Inhalant Use. Inhalant use and inhalant use disorders in the United States. Addict Sci Clin Pract. Alliance for Consumer Education. s of abuse. Actively scan device characteristics for identification. Use precise geolocation data. Select personalised content. Create a personalised content profile. Measure ad performance. Select basic. Create a personalised profile.
Select personalised. Apply market research to generate audience insights. Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. What Are Inhalants? What Are the Patterns of Inhalant Abuse?Butane huffing effects
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